Posts Tagged ‘tax’

Russia Tightens Used Car Imports

December 16, 2008

In follow up to our previous blog post, we can confirm used car imports to Russia will have an increase in import duty.

As it was expected, Vladimir Putin has signed the governmental regulation on the increase of import duty on used cars to Russia. The regulation comes into effect in one month since the day of its official promulgation. It is informed that this duty is constituted for the period of 9 months concerning import of automotive engineering, trucks and automobiles.

Import duty on used cars aged from 1 to 5 years rises from 25 to 30 %.

For those who have been importing, you might notice it says 5 not 7 years. Here more on that:

The most disputable question is reduction of maximal import age of cars from 7 to 5. Cars over 5 years will be imposed from 2.5 to 5.8 Euro per 1 ccm import duty. Taking into consideration governmental measures taken on prohibition of car bodies with following parts it is evident that automobile market of Primorye will have hard times soon.

On the positive side, it looks unlikely that RHD (ie Japanese) vehicles will be banned. It is being discussed, but most authorities agree that to ban them would cause to much havoc in the Far East regions of Russia:

…the State Duma authorities discuss the question on imposition of technical regulations on prohibition of right-hand drive cars. But according to the talks of the governor of Primorsky region Sergey Darkin and Secretary of Industry and Trade of Russian Federation Viktor Hrystenko, it is unlikely to happen.

– Source: Vladivostok News

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The Bahamas Getting Heat From WTO

July 9, 2008

WTO – World Trade Organization – is an excellent organization to increase trade between participating countries. That why most nation have an agreement with WTO or are trying to join. Of course, free trade must go both ways (export and import) to be truely free. And WTO job is to make sure are countries are fair.

So how does this related to Japanese used car exports and the Bahamas? Well it might not be important to all exporters, but there are some that do export to the Bahamas. For those who do and appreciate small country news, the Bahamas might have to relax it tariffs if they don’t find a good excuse (and maneuvering) on why they should maintain their high tariffs for transport sector imports.

Because 40% of the Bahamas’ imports are transport related (new and used cars, parts, and fuel), they’ve grown used to the extra revenue and need to keep the budget balanced. WTO says this is violation of free trade and an act of protectionism. If the Bahamas’ government doesn’t make a reason to keep high taxes (such as for “enviornmental reasons”), they may be forced to reduce tariff rates for imports.

Bangladesh Investigates New “Used” Imports

June 24, 2008

The National Board of Revenue (NBR) of Bangladesh is looking into the possiblity of people importing brand new cars as “reconditioned” cars, mostly from Japan.

As many Japanese used car exporters are aware, brand new vehicles are quickly registered and de-registered to circumevent Japanese laws forbidding anyone besides the manufacturer from exporting new vehicles. Technically, in the eyes of the law these are no longer brand new vehicles, just new or “as-new” vehicles. Why this matter to Bangladesh NBR is that they make 50% higher import duty on cars imported as new.

To counter this, it is proposed for the new budget that for a vehicle to be considered a “reconditioned” car, it must have a space 365 days between registration and deregistration and have clocked at least 1,000 km of mileage. They hope this will close the loop hole.

It’s not all bad news for importers though. Also in the proposed budget, the government will reduce supplementary duties from 60 percent to 20 percent on import of ordinary non-luxurious microbuses with and engine size between 1500 to 1800 CC which are used for transportation of industrial raw materials and/or passengers.

Source – The New Nation

New VRT Rates Start 1 July 2008 for Ireland

June 20, 2008

From 1 July 2008 in Ireland, Category “A” cars will be taxed based on the level of CO2 emissions and not engine size as before. Also, the 50% discount of VRT payable for hybrid electric and flexible fuel vehicles is replaced by VRT relief of up to €2,500 depending on the car’s age (for hybrids only). This will only apply to car registered after 30 June, while cars imported before will continue under the old system.

According to The Irish Revenue Commissioner’s Leaflet:

New Tax Regime

From 1 July 2008, VRT payable on category A vehicles will no longer be based on the engine size but rather on the level of CO2 emissions from the car. Linking the VRT rates to the level CO2 emissions will mean that individuals purchasing cleaner, low emission cars will pay less VRT while those opting to purchase higher emitting vehicles will pay more.

A seven-band CO2 emission system will apply. VRT will now be charged as a percentage of the OMSP (Open Market Selling Price) in accordance with the following table:

CO2 Emissions (CO2g/km) VRT Rates
0 – 120g 14% of OMSP
More than 120g/km up to and including140g/km 16% of OMSP
More than 140g/km up to and including 155g/km 20% of OMSP
More than 155g/km up to and including 170g/km 24% of OMSP
More than 170g/km up to and including 190g/km 28% of OMSP
More than 190g/km up to and including 225g/km 32% of OMSP
More than 225g/km 36% of OMSP

Importers of Japanese used cars must have the CO2 Emissions levels declared on their Export or Deregistration Certificate, or have a printout emissions certificate for your particular model from the Japanese Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. If you don’t have proof, you will be charged the highest rate (36%) regardless of how efficient the car is.

Also, as an incentive to by eco-friendly cars, you can get reductions based the car age for hybrids. That is, the younger the car is, more money is deducted. Of course there is a minimum amount that still must be paid, but here are the discount rates:

Hybrid, flexible fuel and electric vehicles

The current relief of 50% reduction of the VRT payable on Hybrid and Flexi Fuel vehicles is withdrawn from 30 June 2008.

A VRT remission up to a maximum of €2,500 will be available on such cars registered between 1 July 2008 and 31 December 2010.

This relief is limited, on a sliding scale, depending on the age of the vehicle. The scale is as follows:

Age of vehicle Maximum amount which may
be remitted or repaid
New vehicle, first registration €2,500
Not a new vehicle but less than 2 years €2,250
2 years or over but less than 3 years €2,000
3 years or over but less than 4 years €1,750
4 years or over but less than 5 years €1,500
5 years or over but less than 6 years €1,250
6 years or over but less than 7 years €1,000
7 years or over but less than 8 years €750
8 years or over but less than 9 years €500
9 years or over but less than 10 years €250
10 years or over Nil

With effect from 1 January 2008 to 31 December 2010, series production electric vehicles and electric motorcycles are exempt from VRT.

Note: There is no change for Category B (crew cabs, etc.), Category C (commercial vehicles) or Category M (motorcycles – other than electric motorcycles).

-Source: Change to the Tax Base

Bangladesh Proposes Higher Import Duty on Used Cars

June 12, 2008

In the proposed budget for the 2008-09 fiscal year (FY) the government has suggested the following:

  • 20 per cent SD (Supplementary Duty) on vehicles of up to 1500cc
  • 60 per cent SD on vehicles between 1,501 and 2,350cc
  • 100 per cent SD on vehicles between 2,351cc and 3,500cc.

This rates are only applied to used, also called reconditioned, cars. It may change before the budget is put into effect as the Bangladesh Reconditioned Vehicles Importers and Dealers Association (BARVIDA) argues it should be reduced.

BARVIDA believes that raise the taxes on reconditioned car imports will hold back the current progress the economy is experiencing. The connection is that many small and medium businesses rely on the cheaper used car imports to do their business. We will have to see what comes as most vehicles imported come from Japan.

– Source: The Daily Star

Putin Tightens Import Taxes for Used Cars

June 3, 2008

Recently, the new Prime Minister Putin held a meeting on the condition of the Russian motor vehicle industry. In his opinion, foreign cars are stifling the success of national brands of Russia. To raise the competitiveness of Russian car makers, used car imports will now have higher taxes at a younger age.

Before the tax wall to keep out old cars from Russia was at 7 years and older, now importers will need to pay an considerable more if the car exceeds 4 years of age. Currently, we don’t know what the exact rates table will be, but we’ll let you know when we do.

Vietnam Plays with Tariff Rates, Business Confidence Drops

May 27, 2008

Within the last 16 months, the Vietnamese Government has changed the tariff rate for importing vehicle 5 times.

The current rate of 83% – effective since April 22nd – was particularly effective at dropping business confidence given that it was put into effect on a one day notice. All previous agreements were charged the new rate despite the fact they were made well before anyone new of the new rate.

Luckily for importers and exporters alike, Vietnam not to long ago joined the WTO which put a ceiling on how much the tariff rate can go up. So importers shouldn’t expect more raise unless Vietnam plans to violate their WTO agreement.

State Worker’s Tax Discounts End In Sri Lanka

April 8, 2008

Sri Lanka has finished a scheme that gave tax-slashed cars to state workers from today and no new applications would be taken, the finance ministry said.

State workers who have been issued tax slashed import permits but have not opened letters of credit before the end of last month (March 31) would not be able to open letters of credit to import vehicles.

However the tax discounts would continue for buying a locally produced or assembled car.

State workers who have already applied and who qualify for the tax concession would be issued a permit to buy locally produced or assembled car, the finance ministry said in a statement.

Earlier reports said around 17,000 state-workers have applied to import tax-slashed cars.

Source-LBO.lk

Vietnamese Prime Minister Goes After Car Imports

April 7, 2008

The Prime Minister of Vietnam, Nguyen Tan Dung, asked the Vietnamese Ministries of Finance and Industry & Trade to use technical barriers and tariffs to restrict imports of automobiles and automobile components for less than 12-seat cars. Besides the raising of Import Tax done last month, both automobile and automobile components are now on the list of “import-restricted” items.

Attempting to reverse the ever growing trade deficit, the Prime Minister asked that imported goods be classified into three categories: essential, controlled, and restricted. All goods categorized in the controlled and restricted groups will face extra difficulties now.

These technical barriers and tariffs that will be applied include: the raising of import tax rates; limiting the access of importers to foreign currency loans; using technical barriers, etc. Japanese used car exporters should expect a slow down on cars exported to Vietnam when these blockades start coming into effect.

Sri Lanka Customs Revenue Takes Hit

March 20, 2008

Just last month, we reported how Sri Lanka raised import taxes by 10%. This month we are seeing the protest of importers have effect. Instead of raising revenue the government gets from imports, they actually get less.

In 2007, the Sri Lanka Customs made Rs.8 Billion less overall than expected. They expected Rs.283 Billion and only made Rs.275 Billion. While there was an overall increase, income from vehicle imports drop by Rs.11 Billion. They were expecting Rs.26 Billion from vehicle excise tax, but only got Rs.15 Billion.

There are a number of reasons for this. First, in 2006, nearly 70% of car imports were from Japan and this year it was only 46% that were mostly buses and vans. The other imports were coming from places such as China, India, and Korea. This other countries make and sell their cars cheaper, so as a result, that means less income for Sri Lanka.

The second reason for less revenue, is because many car imports are being imported by civil servants which get duty free import permits. As people know, Sri Lanka has among the highest duty rates so getting duty free permits really help imports and really reduce import revenue.

This is not the end of this. If import duties continue to stay high, they can continue to expect less revenue. One official says while the revenue target from motor vehicle imports for 2008 is estimated at Rs. 35 Billion, it will be difficult to make even 40% of that estimate. Hopefully, we can see a change of heart and a drop in the super high import taxing.

For more information on importing into Sri Lanka, visit:
Japanese Used Car Exporting.Info – Importing Help For Sri Lanka

Import Tax Upped In Vietnam

March 18, 2008

Vietnamese Government have decided to raise import taxes for both new and used car imports by 10%. The new rates come into effect at the beginning of April.

After a few years of lowering import taxes to keep vehicle prices down, this year marks yet another change in policy. The government claims they want to restrict the amount of cars being imported and bought to slow down the amount of traffic increases. Traffic jams are at all time intensities, and they feel reducing imports will fix this problem. The real problem is poor urban planning for the only two cities that have real traffic problems: Hanoi, the capitol in the north, and Ho Chi Minh in the south.

Another problem is arising for many importers, not just in Vietnam, but globally. Many countries, like Vietnam, trade in US Dollars. The problem is the value is sinking like a rock and importer who have to wait a month for their consignments to arrive are having a difficult time making profit. I don’t know how longer countries will continue to use the US Dollar, but trade can sure use a switch.

For some more information on import used cars to Vietnam, visit:
Japanese Used Car Exporting.info – Import Help for Vietnam